Paintings of Rubens (Peter Paul Rubens), more than 2000 subjects such as religion, mythology, portrait, landscape and so on various aspects, is the most prolific in the 17th century Europe a baroque painter. Rubens painting has grand composition, full color, light and shade contrast, line the characteristics of the rich. Rubens characters have optimism, aggressive, enthusiastic, affectionate, full of vitality, make the person who has been encouraging, enhances to the life of faith, Rubens painted women, is the hope of life, is the embodiment of health and desire.
Rubens painting of " The Three Graces" is a painting in ancient Greek legend for motif. Three beautiful god is personification image of "elegance and beauty", they often is the handmaiden of Venus in the art, therefore also share her several signs, such as roses, guava, apple and dice. According to Hersey's "theogony", said three beauty of god's name is agra, Asia, Europe Flo mio nie and Mauritania. The standard treatment is three people together, there are two people face to the viewer to see, the other is opposite to the viewer. This way is handed down from the classical period, the Renaissance still continue. This set of image, the different time have been implicated in the work. Stuffed the Roman philosopher Seneca (4 year A.D. 65 BC) has described the three beautiful god as smiling girl, naked and covered with gauze, with their on behalf of grace and the gift from three aspects: "giving", "accept" and "reward". 15 th-century Florence humanism philosophers with three beautiful god on behalf of the three aspects of love, caused the "desire", "beauty" and "satisfied". Also let three beautiful god on behalf of the "pure, beautiful, and love", sometimes write this three words in the picture of the Latin inscriptions.
Rubens creation in 1639 of the "three beauty" although originated from the ancient Greek myths and legends, but also used the technique system in Italy, but the character image is full of Flanders cheerful atmosphere. Goddess of three tough, plump body is permeated with the vitality of life and their expression of joy and confidence. Dana had talked about in the artistic philosophy, Rubens's image: Flemish people is not easy art to accept the italians concept of human body, because "he grew up in a cold, damp places, bare body shiver, the body there no required by the classical art perfect proportion, natural and unrestrained attitude, often excessive body fat, nutrition, soft white easy to red, need to put on the clothes." The fact, however, such as gombrich says, "those who dislike for women Rubens painting obese people, general notices Rubens painting is how wonderful."
Rubens often painted on the wood, and even a lot of oil painting work also draw on the board, this is keep Netherlands Rubens painting techniques. In Italy there are very few artists draw oil painting on board, especially in the 17th century, almost all oil canvas. While Rubens otherwise, painted on the white board to which he was very light, sometimes will also be coated with a white background transparent oil paints. On the colored wood paintings, Rubens coloring is thin, generally with pure linseed oil and turpentine mixed in the paint. Such as stored in the hermitage museum's portrait of princess Isabella's maids "is a typical works of Rubens, still can clearly see that the texture of the board. Due to Rubens remain well the advantages of oil painting techniques in the Netherlands, so his works is not easy to change now: since he also absorbed the techniques of Italy, so colorful, thick, is a classic example of traditional oil painting research.
Rubens on technique combines two techniques system, Netherlands and Italy Renaissance Flanders painting, oil painting development in Europe have a significant impact. During his studying in Italy in 1600-1608, copy a lot of titian's works, on the way of expression is also influenced by Michelangelo. Early Rubens painting originally drafted, directly use paint draw sketches, don't copy method, but also other step with traditional brushwork, use brown backing, put all the dark parts of painting and transparent and not overweight, deep in a color to paint again, with a bright green gray oil painting reproductions of light and shade, dark parts without white powder, the last to cover up with a layer of a layer of transparent color. After you come back from Italy, much affected by titian, Rubens technique in light grey and dark (Chinese white + black + red yellow + a small amount of brown) painted on the bottom of the picture. Rubens painting insist on practice, this is he retains the Netherlands, a symbol of the traditional method. Rubens painting dark transparent, color is warm, very thin middle cadence, show its impression. This is also the important features of Rubens painting. Rubens painting shadow always avoid is used a white and black, so his painting shadow special breathable, he told his students said: "when you draw shadow must be light and transparent, must avoid to add white powder, even a little bit. White powder, it is the poison of oil painting, white powder can only add in the light, because of the transparent white powder prevent dark. Light white powder can use thicker, but must keep clean."
Rubens in the arrangement of colour profusion of large screen and give the picture to energy aspect has the incomparable talent, the talent earned Rubens a painter than past glory. The capture Lv Xipu's daughter is Rubens a series of large painting series, transparent color layer upon layer overlay.
Daughter of painting: capture Lv Xipu painter: Rubens
Daughter of painting: capture Lv Xipu painter: Rubens
Rubens's works is full of life and vitality, compared with the previous, Rubens painting is no longer use the color mold drawings carefully, they are using the means of "painting" (Painterly) painted (" painting "in German Malerisch, and" while "Linear relative, is the theory put forward by Lin, Wolfe on technique or not by contour lines to capture the object, but with the light and dark color face to modelling: make the mutual fusion, image edge or into the background. Representative painters as titian, Rubens and Rembrandt. On the contrary, botticelli, Michelangelo is the representative of the" line ").
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